Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancers with new cases being reported daily. One important step towards ensuring skin cancer is kept in check is by establishing the factors that can cause cancer and finding ways of protecting yourself. This is important because it helps in detecting the diseases at its onset which facilitates effectual treatment.
The two types of skin cancer commonly found are keratinocytes and melanomas, with the latter being uncommon but more dangerous. This type of cancer needs to be located and treated without delay because any delay in its treatment may lead to spread of the disease to other body parts.
One of the major causes of skin cancer is sunlight rays. Ultraviolet rays have the ability to affect your skin even in cloudy weather. Using sunscreen will help prevent sun-rays attack. Exposing your skin to direct sunlight increases the risks of contracting skin cancer. It’s advisable that you rest under shades and avoid staying outdoors when the sun is hot. Use of sunglasses and hats can help you protect yourself from dangerous ultraviolet rays. Tanning beds are another risk factor when it comes to skin cancers.
People who have fair skin are at a greater risk of contracting melanomas skin cancer compared to those whose skin is dark. The reason for this is because skin pigment acts as protection from ultraviolet rays. Red hair and light colored eyes are also another cause of concern as far as skin cancer is concerned since they increase the risk of the disease.
Other factors include-
a) A family with a history of skin cancer.
b) Direct sunlight
d) Old age
e) Weak immune system
Irrespective of the risks facing you, it’s advisable that you undergo an examination every month to establish the health of your skin. If detected early many of these diseases can easily be treated. Always look for any unusual growth on your skin. It’s advisable that you visit a skin specialist every year for a thorough check-up.
If a skin specialist comes across an unusual spot on your skin, he may decide to carryout a comprehensive check to determine whether the growth is skin cancer and at what stage and what type of cancer it may be before the start of treatment. If cancer is detected early enough, the doctor will decide on the best method of treatment.
Although it’s impossible to avoid ultraviolet rays, it’s always advisable that one takes the necessary precaution to lower the risks of getting skin cancer.